Leetcode | Solution of Transpose Matrix in JavaScript

April 5th, 2020
3 min read

In this post, we will solve Transpose Matrix from leetcode and compute it's time and space complexities. Let's begin.

Problem Statement

The question can be found at leetcode Transpose Matrix problem.

The problem states that we are given a two-dimensional matrix and we need to transpose it and return the new matrix.


Transposing a matrix means, the columns of the matrix become the new rows and rows become new columns. So, if the initial matrix was of size n*m, the new matrix will be of m*n.

The approach for this one is simple. We will create an empty array. Then we will loop over the given matrix column-wise. We will keep on pushing the elements in the column to an empty array. Once we are done with one column, we will push the array of numbers to the array created.

Once we are done with all the columns, we will have a new matrix.

We have discussed the approach, I urge you to go ahead on leetcode and give it another try. emoji-smile

If you are here, it means something went wrong in implementation or you are just too lazy emoji-smile. In any case, let's see a simple implementation of the above logic.
var transpose = function (A) {

  const result = [];

  for (let i = 0; i < A[0].length; i++) {
    const col = []
    for (let j = 0; j < A.length; j++) {

  return result

Let's look at the solution. First, we created an empty array. Next, we are looping over the matrix A column-wise. Notice the conditions in both loops. A[0].length will give the length of all the columns. We keep on pushing all the values in a column to an array col. When we are done with one column, we push the col array to our result array.

At last, we return the result array.

Here are the stats on submission

Status: Accepted
Runtime: 72ms
Memory: 37.5MB

Time and space complexity

Time complexity

We are looping over all the matrix elements, so time complexity would be O(n2).

Space complexity

We are using extra space to store the new matrix. So space complexity is also constant, O(n2).


So, we solved the transpose matrix problem and calculated the time and space complexities.

I hope you enjoyed solving this question. This is it for this one, complete source code for this post can be found on my Github Repo. Will see you in the next one.

There you go guys, you made it to end of the post. Subscribe to my youtube channel for regular updates. Follow me on twitter, drop me a mail or leave a comment here if you still have any doubts and I will try my best to help you out. Thanks

Stay tuned and see you around :)